How Much Percentage of Native American Do You Have To Be To Enroll With a Tribe

How Much Percentage of Native American Do You Have To Be To Enroll With a Tribe

Posted By PowWow Articles January 8th, 2018 Blog

What percentage of Native American blood do I need to be in a tribe?

How much American Indian blood is required to be considered Native American?

Native Americans are the people who consist one of the more than five hundred (500) distinguished tribes that still endure as sovereign states with the United States’ present geographical boundaries.

These are the tribes that descended from the pre-Colombian indigenous peoples of North America.

For a person to be considered Native American by the United States government, they must either have a CDIB card or be enrolled in a tribe.

A Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) is issued by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) an agency under the United States Department of Interior. This certificate (CDIB) is the basis most tribes use to enroll tribe members.

The CDIB is an official U.S. document used to certify that a person does possess a percentage of Native American blood. Note though, the blood must be identified with a federally recognized tribe.

The Bureau of Indian Affairs issues the certificate after the individual has forwarded a finalized genealogy. The genealogy must be submitted with legal documents that include birth certificates, documents showing the applicant’s descents both from the maternal and the paternal sides.


Certificate Degree of Indian Blood card issued to Morris Phillip Konstantin (Phil Konstantin) in 1996. It shows him to be 3/16ths Cherokee by blood.

A certificate of degree of Indian blood shows the constituent blood degree of a particular tribe or that of all tribes in the applicant’s ancestry. The percentage required by each tribe to enroll varies. Some tribes require that a minimum degree must be met before granting membership to an individual.

Related Info – DNA Results vs. Tribal Enrollment vs. CDIB — What Do They All Mean?

Interestingly, even the federal government requires that you meet a certain minimum before granting you some federal benefits.

To give you an example, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a minimum of 1/16 degree of Cherokee blood for tribal enrolment, while the Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Higher Education Grant expects you to have the minimum of ¼ Native American blood percentages.

That is 25% of your blood is from Native American ancestors.


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Tribal Blood Quantum Requirements

50 Percent / One-Half Blood Quantum (One Parent)

Kialegee Tribal Town
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi
St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
White Mountain Apache Tribe, Arizona
Yomba Shoshone Tribe, Utah

25 Percent / One-Fourth Blood Quantum (One Grandparent)

Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Washington
Oneida Tribe of Indians, Wisconsin
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma
Pascua Yaqui Tribe, Arizona
Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, Kansas
Navajo Nation, Arizona, Utah and New Mexico
Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, North and South Dakota
Utu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe, California
Havapai-Prescott Tribe, Arizona
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians, Oklahoma
Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes, Montana
St. Regis Mohawk Tribe, New York, Canada

Related Info – Am I Native?  Find out how to start your family history search

12.5 Percent / One-Eighth Blood Quantum (One Great-Grandparent)

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Comanche Nation Oklahoma
Delaware Nation, Oklahoma
Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation, Oregon
Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
Karuk Tribe of California
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation, Washington
Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah (Washakie)
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, Oklahoma
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Ponca Nation, Oklahoma
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
Sac & Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco and Tawakonie)

6.25 Percent / One-Sixteenth Blood Quantum (One Great-Great-Grandparent)

Caddo Nation
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
Fort Sill Apache Tribe
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, North Carolina
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Lineal Descent

Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town
Cherokee Nation
Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Nation
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Delaware Tribe of Indians
Eastern Shawnee Tribe
Kaw Nation
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
Modoc Tribe
Muscogee Creek Nation
Osage Nation
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Peoria Tribe of Indians
Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
Seminole Nation
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma
Shawnee Tribe
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
Tonkawa Tribe
Wyandotte Nation

(List courtesy NativeVillage.org)


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TAGGED:    cdib    dna    genealogy    native ancestry  

Comments

58 thoughts on “How Much Percentage of Native American Do You Have To Be To Enroll With a Tribe

  1. Vanessa Soliz says:

    Where can I find out my blood percentage??? I recently found out I’m lipan apache Indian from the Texas tribe.

  2. Hello I’m 46% Apache but not sure if I belong to White Mtn or Fort Sill? All I know right now is that we are related to Geronimo. Can you help me find out more?

    • Mary Triplett says:

      Geronimo, as he was known by, was neither White Mountain or Fort Sill. He was Chiricahua Apache. Though he was imprisoned at Fort Sill, he was also imprisoned in Florida, the Mount Vernon Barracks in Alabama and on the San Carlos rez.

  3. Y3ars ago i was told i was Col william Johsons 7th generations grand daughter and did read that he took on an indian maid to helpout as a midwife then married her
    I would like to know more

  4. I am 1/4 Native American just received my DNA results from ancestry. So I’m 24% Native American. Chiwawa Durango. What does this mean?

    • Virginia Garcia says:

      My DNA reviled that I am 40 % Native American, how can I find out what Indian tribe i am related to

    • Normandie Kent says:

      If you are a hispanic that means you a mestizo. from a tribe or tribes in Mexico. I think Mexicans forget that they are not Native to the USA, but Mexico.

      • J. Flametree says:

        Aztec Nation migrated from what is now the USA to Mexico. The Yaqui, Apache, Comanche and Kiowa plus many other Tribes traveled from the USA to Mexico and back before the Europeans arrived! Genetically every single Amerindian from Northern Canada to the tip of South America are related by race! So there was no such thing as native from USA or Mexico. Learn your history, true American history,,,Native American history, before the European immigrant infested our land!!! Also FYI, Most Mexicans have a high percentage of Native blood not to mention the 12 million Mexicans that are pure Native, they have more rights to the USA than European descendants!!

        • Actually, there were bodies found in a bog in Florida dating back over 12,000 years. They were well preserved and their DNA tested and it showed that they were European. In fact, initially, people coming here from Europe in the 1500’s ,spoke of white Indians on the East Coast, many of these people were killed off by the new arrivals, mostly from new diseases. There is a theory based on this information, that Europeans first came here during the Ice Age because the ice sheeth covered so much of Europe and North America that Spain and Portugal extended farther out than it does now due to the lower Ocean levels. Those people who came, came by following along the ice catching fish and ended up in areas like Florida. Being much warmer than their own land, they stayed. If you compare the physical looks of the Eastern tribes to the South Western tribes, you see a very different physical appearance. The Western tribes would have come from Asia and also some of the Pacific Islands, the latter more so in South America. I doubt that all native Americans ( North and South) have the same genetic connection. In fact, there are people in Great Britain who have Native American ancestry ,(DNA check), because during colonial times, Native Americans went to Great Britain with the colonials to meet the king and ended up staying in Great Britain and marrying British citizens and became part of Great Britain.

      • So let me get this right, my grandfather whose family escaped the 1890, wounded knee massacre and fled to Mexico are no longer considered USA natives?
        So we are now comsidered mestizo and in no way part of the blackfeet tribes is that correct?.

        • Gladys Fogarty says:

          Hi my name is gladys I was also told I am part Blackfoot my great grandfather was a chif from the Blackfoot family all of my family on my mom’s side has passed now I have just one aunt left and she has all of my grandparents naivete papers and won’t let me look at tham I don’t know what to do now can you help please

      • My family is not interested in any benefits of any kind we work for what we need, but after reading that mexicans are considered mestizos then just want to make sure, because my mother speaks, reads and writes in the native blackfeet language our grandfather taught her before he died. Have a blessed day..

        • Hi Ruth,
          I do not know about how someone would be mestizo, but I am sure that your DNA would show that you are part of the Blackfoot Nation. Since your mother speaks the Blackfoot language, I hope that she taught you as well. That is probably a dying language that needs to be maintained.

    • Christina says:

      HI Gloria, I Ann also from the same tribe, but I am only 18%. I’m not sure if you’ve received any information, not do I know where to look. If you receive information, could you please share it with me?

  5. Cynthia Budzyn says:

    I’m 38.8% Native American. And feel like I’ve always known it. I also am not sure what tribe I belong to. It’s has been hard to find out. My father’s, father wasn’t who we thought he was. His real father, from what my father found out was supposedly a Sioux Indian. But I can not find out now, because my father past away b4 we could do his DNA back in 2008. Any suggestions?

  6. Naomi Allison says:

    23andme test shows Native ancestry during 1700-1800. I know my great great Grandfathers wife was 100% choctaw. I do not have any clear information. His last name was Robinson. Her name was possibly Martha( do not know her tribal name). Only have a verbal history and grandparents and father are no longer living. They did not know if marriage was real or common law. I suspect the latter as I have found possible relatives ( based on names and birth years)on Dawson roll but all are listed under the mother father being unknown. Is there a database for Native ancestry to plug in dna results to see if I can locate cousins.

  7. Nyoka Barnes(Russell) says:

    I know my dads mother was blackfoot, cherokee and choctaw, she had the black hair , dark skin and high cheek bones. I’m suppose to have an Uncle registered in Paducah ky, I have most of my dad and mothers family wrote down with my grandparents, great grandparents. I got told by a cousin of mine I’m only one forth Cherokee, I’m really enterested in finding out more. I have names and know the deaths of some. How do I find out more?

  8. Hello I just found out from Ancestry.com that I am 36% Native American, how accurate that is I do not know. I was told with that amount I am eligible to receive benefits like scholarships, health care, and casino funds. I want to know if that is true. Also i did some research and I have to get my Mitochondrial and Y Line DNA test results to be more specific in what exactly Native American DNA I have. I want to make sure if that is right. I also want to know if I get results that I am for example Cherokee will I be able to use those results to get benefits? Please reply thank you… These benefits can help me and my family tremendously.

  9. Robert H. Picard says:

    I am 1/16 Sioux. What does that make me. Can I be a member of the Sioux Nation?.

  10. I was told with that amount I am eligible to receive benefits like scholarships, health care, and casino funds. I want to know if that is true. I also want to know if I get results that I am for example Apache will I be able to use those results to get benefits? Will I be welcome on the Apache Reservations?

  11. Antonio Barrientos says:

    I just found out that I am 34% Native American from all my DNA Native American was my highest so does make Native American? I live in Laredo Texas not many tribes her or any what so ever last name is Barrientos I don’t want any benefits just want to connect we my ancestors and to know were they came from and know were I come from any help would help tahnks.

    • Normandie Kent says:

      Dont forget if you are Mexican, that Mexicans are mostly Mestizo, that were detribalized early on in history. I doubt you have any USA tribal ancestry. you need to look to church records in Mexico were your family came from.

  12. Nidza Solis says:

    Hi everyone I just received my ancestery DNA results and I am 13% Native American Indian how can I find out what tribe I belong to and what do i do to apply

  13. Hi, my name is Theresa Nelson I went to vocational training in LPN classes, 3 Rivers Indian counsel paid for my tuition, books, uniforms and everything I needed even traveling expenses. My grandmother on my mother’s side was full blood Blackfoot and Cherokee Indian. My great grandfather and grandmother were full Cherokee and the other was Blackfoot how do I go about getting information about enrolling into either tribe? I am sure I have even to be enrolled, because of my assistance while being in school. Any info would be greatly appreciated thank you.

  14. Theresa my name is gladys I was just wondering how did you get all your information I have been trying 8 years now everyone on my mom’s side has passed away now thear is one left and it’s my aunt and she has the papers that belongs to my grandparents and won’t let me see. Them what can I do ?

  15. I took a DNA test and i found out i’m 51.1%Native i was told my great grandma on my mom’s side was 100% Apache and on my dads side my aunt claims they are Cherokee how do i find out what tribe i belong to ? i’m so intrested thank you and have a blessed day .

  16. Evan Owen says:

    I have native ancestry and was always told, the tribe was the Omaha tribe of Nebraska. I live in the region that was their tribal territory. Out of curiosity, what is their required percentage?

  17. Joseph L Clay says:

    Do I find out how do I find out what percentage Native American I am for free what site and what requirements do I need to be able to send to I don’t know who you please help as I am very interested and know that I have Native American ancestry as I have some family that come from New Mexico and have been told I am either Cherokee Sue or Navajo and would like to find out but don’t have the funds please help

  18. Ida Gonzales says:

    I had DNA checked by Ancestry I’m 46% Native American. I don’t know which tribe I belong to. Can you help?

  19. Sherika Brown says:

    So if I have 3 percent native American in me that means i can’t be a part of a tribe? So your saying your leaving me out because it’s not enough but it’s in me, an Indians don’t leave nobody behind, so how can I be a part of something that’s rightfully mines by blood. Can someone help me out please with a valid answer

    • The list here is not every tribe. This is just a sampling. We don’t know the requirements of every tribe.

      The list of lineal decent tribes don’t require a %. They require you to show your lineage.

  20. Debra Becerra says:

    Hi my name is Debra I recently did a DNA test and found out I am 54% Native American . I don’t care about benefits or anything like that I’m just trying to figure out who I am my mom just passed away recently my father’s been passed for 15 years . I looked up what tribe I would be from and I found Yaqui.. from Sonora and Southern Arizona . Do you have any suggestions on where I go from here to learn more. Thank you

  21. YVONNE C JACKSON says:

    I just found out that I’m 5.3 percent Native American, I know that isn’t enough to claim anything but I would love to learn much more about being Native American.

  22. Dianne Davidson says:

    Hi just reading over the comments and the percentages that everybody has after taking their DNA it’s very interesting that everyone wants to be long to the indigenous tribes and most people do have a percentage in their DNA to me that is enough I was told growing up that my great-grandmother was Cherokee on my mom’s side and my grandmother was Creek on my dad’s I see a lot of people have a lot of information and I really don’t know how they manage to get all of that unless they were on the reservation because according to information a great deal of material was lost I think that once you go searching and you find that you are apart of the Native American tribes even though you may never know conclusively what tribe you belong to you know that the stories that your parents told was true even if your DNA presents a 1% to 3% results so just be thankful for that don’t try to get benefits and that sort of thing

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